Stormwater runoff involves water not absorbed by the ground when it rains. Due to urban expansion, this has become a growing concern as manmade impervious surfaces, such as rooftops, parking lots, and roads increase stormwater runoff. This is now considered one of the leading causes of water pollution.
In an effort to protect life, property and the water environment from loss, injury and damage caused by storm and surface water, the EPA has designated Martinsburg, like many other cities and counties across the state, as a “Phase II” stormwater community. According to the Clean Water Act, a Phase II designation requires cities to actively manage stormwater to the new EPA standards or face significant penalties.