Downtown Martinsburg
About Us

The City of Martinsburg is located in the Eastern Panhandle region of West Virginia. The city's population was 14,972 at the 2000 census; according to a 2007 Census Bureau estimate, Martinsburg's population was 16,450, making it the largest city in the Eastern Panhandle and the ninth largest municipality in West Virginia.  Martinsburg is the county seat of Berkeley County and one of the core cities in the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Martinsburg and Berkeley County are growing very rapidly from the influx of people moving from Washington, D.C. and Baltimore.  The City of Martinsburg is easily accessible to these metropolitan areas, while still providing a comfortable quality of life in a small town setting. 

History

Martinsburg was founded in 1778 by General Adam Stephen who named it in honor of Colonel Thomas Bryan Martin, a nephew of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron.

Martinsburg was incorporated by an act of the West Virginia Legislature on March 30, 1868.

Geography

Martinsburg is located at 39°27′33″N 77°58′4″W / 39.45917°N 77.96778°W / 39.45917; -77.96778 (39.459207, -77.967814).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles (13.1 km²), of which, 5.0 square miles (13.0 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.40%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,972 people, 6,684 households, and 3,689 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,977.4 people per square mile (1,149.2/km²). There were 7,432 housing units at an average density of 1,478.0/sq mi (570.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.90% White, 11.63% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 2.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.91% of the population.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,495, and the median income for a family was $36,954. Males had a median income of $29,697 versus $22,212 for females.

Commerce

Major employers in and around Martinsburg include Veterans Administration Center, WV Air National Guard, U.S. Coast Guard's Operations System Center and National Maritime Center, City Hospital, Quad/Graphics, EcoLab, Orgill, and Quebecor World.

The city also houses one of the two Enterprise Computing Centers of the Internal Revenue Service. The Martinsburg facility processes most of the country's electronically filed tax documents from businesses, and about one-third of electronically-filed tax returns.

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, or ATF, has a building located near Martinsburg, where they deal with crimes involving alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and explosives from the United States and other places in the world. This is the only building of the ATF that does these types of things.

Martinsburg had its own automobile company, called Norwalk. The cars that were assembled here are the longest-made known cars to be built in the state of West Virginia.

The area is also home to the 167th Airlift Wing of the West Virginia Air National Guard, based in Eastern WV Regional Airport.

 

 

Martinsburg, West Virginia. (2009, April 15). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:38, May 1, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org /w/index.php? title=Martinsburg,_West_Virginia &oldid=283988817